For many years, organizational students have considered conventional ideas comparable to absenteeism, productiveness, high quality, and satisfaction as outcomes of efficient groups. However what if we have been in a position to predict which groups are able to wonderful ranges of effectiveness in these areas, even earlier than they’ve had sufficient time to generate measurable efficiency?
That’s the overarching query that guided our new paper, “Reconceptualizing Multilevel Shared Chief-Follower Outcomes,” within the Journal of Management & Organizational Research. Drawing from new views on shared management and emergent states in groups, we reconceptualized these 4 conventional outcomes as shorter-term, shared leader-follower outcomes (SLFOs) that we name presence (absenteeism), synergy (productiveness), professionalism (high quality), and chemistry (satisfaction). Presence entails extra vigorous consideration than merely exhibiting up; synergy emphasizes course of beneficial properties from mutual interdependence over productiveness counts; professionalism transcends high quality with ever-improving requirements of excellence; and chemistry speaks to a lot deeper ranges of activity and social cohesion than are captured by satisfaction.
We develop a brand new framework incorporating SLFOs to reconceptualize how leaders and followers can obtain the best doable ranges of effectiveness by means of a dynamic partnership. SLFOs might or might not emerge in groups based mostly on convergence (composition processes) or divergence (compilation processes) round how leaders and followers view themselves over time. Emergence processes begin with the leader-follower dyad earlier than spreading all through the crew. Composition entails groups the place each leaders and followers are co-contributors. Compilation occurs in groups the place leaders reinforce hierarchy. Think about a crew the place a surgeon sends clear alerts that “I’m the in-charge professional and the one one whose work actually issues; you’re subordinate to me.” This exemplifies compilation. In distinction, composition is illustrated in a crew the place a surgeon clearly communicates and reinforces norms that “we every have a essential function right here; please respect every crew member’s contribution.”
We suspect the dynamics of composition might yield amazingly efficient groups over time, in comparison with compilation, assuming all different elements are equal. Nonetheless, we acknowledge there are circumstances below which a extra hierarchical crew construction could also be a most popular possibility, tipping the scales in favor of compilation (e.g., conditions the place chain of command and centralized choice making are essential), although in-depth elaboration of such circumstances are outdoors the scope of our paper.
We hope our reconceptualization of conventional, longer-term outcomes because the SLFOs of presence, synergy, professionalism and chemistry evokes executives, managers and researchers with new methods to consider shared management in groups.