The connection between enterprise and peace has lengthy been a subject of curiosity to quite a lot of students, each inside administration research and in different fields corresponding to political science and peace research. The enterprise for peace (B4P) literature has gained loads of traction, with various vital articles highlighting how enterprise may need constructive results on peace. Nonetheless, these articles have largely targeted on multi-national companies. Lacking from this literature is a fulsome clarification of entrepreneurs and peace, which is all of the extra vital as conflicts grow to be each extra pervasive and extra localized inside somewhat than between states.
All three of us have pursuits in enterprise and society relationships in battle zones, and we discovered the dearth of consideration to entrepreneurship and peace in these contexts to be puzzling. Small companies, in any case, comprise the overwhelming majority of enterprises in battle zones. Our paper, entitled “Entrepreneurship and Peacebuilding: A Overview and Synthesis” in Enterprise & Society, seeks to fill this hole within the B4P literature.
Our evaluation is predicated on an integrative literature assessment of analysis on entrepreneurship and peace from 1946-2020 printed in each administration and non-management journals. Seventy-eight articles had been included within the assessment, 64 of which had been printed from 2010-2020. We discovered three distinct teams of articles taking totally different views on entrepreneurship and peace:
- The harmful view (n = 21), which predominantly detailed the harmful function that entrepreneurs can play in battle settings via fostering inequality, human rights violations, criminality, division, supporting armed teams, undermining establishments, and different harmful actions,
- The financial view (n = 18) which targeted on the constructive trickle-down results that financial exercise can have on assuaging battle and the drivers thereof, and
- The social cohesion view (n = 39), which demonstrated how entrepreneurs can transcend financial and social worth creation to advertise cohesion amongst social teams which might be, or had been, beforehand in battle.
We construct on the prevailing 5 pillars of B4P analysis targeted on multinational corporations— financial growth, track-two diplomacy, selling the rule of legislation, contributing to a way of group, and fascinating in conflict-sensitive practices—to uncover the actual roles that entrepreneurs play in battle zones to advertise peace:
- people who had been beforehand engaged in violent battle, present process private transformation via their engagement in entrepreneurship,
- the social contributions made by entrepreneurs inside battle zones,
- selling a way of group via inclusive business-to-business (B2B) and business-to-customer (B2C) interactions,
- eradicating battle triggers from inside their companies via a sequence of inside, usually casual, administration practices,
- intergroup coverage persuasion: influencing coverage that maintains commerce and phone amongst beforehand warring teams, and
- authorized champions who comply with the rule of legislation regardless of their broadly corrupted working environments and affect others to do the identical.
With modern-day conflicts now extra advanced and longer-lasting, tutorial analysis on the interplay between entrepreneurship and peace will proceed to extend as students discover sturdy options for sustainable peace. We hope that this text, by accounting for the distinctive contextual dynamics that entrepreneurs face, opens the door for additional contributions to the interaction of enterprise and peace.
Lastly, we additionally hope that this text contributes to observe. In battle zones, the humanitarian sector makes use of business-based entrepreneurial packages to assist stability, as entrepreneurship is broadly claimed to scale back the impression of battle, assist post-conflict reconstruction, and promote growth. Nonetheless, the proof that these packages are efficient at selling peace is commonly missing. Our article highlights the pro-peace components of companies, which will be translated to (a) superior beneficiary choice standards (e.g., the sector can scan companies for pro-peace components earlier than offering them assist) and (b) tailor-made programming to assist pro-peace dynamics (e.g., encouraging intergroup collaborations).